Reconnaissance as Footprinting

The objective of this post is about to learn about First phase of  attack that is Reconnaissance. How Reconnaissance perform ???. if you join our session from this post so i will suggest to read further post in categories of Learn Abc of ethical hacking

As we already read about Reconnaissance ie its is a preparatory phase where we gather all the information regarding Victim.Its the first step of Steps perform by hacker.

Reconnaissance as Footprinting
Reconnaissance as Footprinting

Footprinting is the blueprint of the security profile of an Organization undertaken in a methodological manner. We already talk about Footprinting. Now we discuss further

Steps of Footprinting

  1.  Find companie’s external and internal URLs
  2. Perform Whois lookup for personl detail
  3. Extract DNS information
  4. Mirror the entire websie an look up names
  5. Extract archives of the website
  6. Google search for company’s news and press releases
  7. Use people search for personal information of employees
  8. Find the physical location of the web server like neo tracer tool
  9. Analyze company’s infrastructure details from job postings
  10. Track the email.

There are certain things which is required for Reconnaissance phase is like Footprinting , Competitive Intelligence Gathering

, E-mail Spiders , List of Footprinting tools and Website Copier. Some of these topic are already posted and some of will be publish as soon as possible.

Next Phase is should be Scanning which will be published shortly.

Keep visiting !!


This post  will familiarize you with Firewall , bypass the firewall and tools to bye pass it.


A hardware device and/or software program which sits between the Internet and the intranet, internet, of an organization

It restricts information that comes to your computer from other computers, giving you more control over the data on your computer and providing a line of defense against people or programs that try to connect to your computer without invitation.

In fact, that’s why its called a firewall. Its job is similar to a physical firewall that keeps a fire from spreading from one area to the next.

what is firewall
what is firewall

Firewall objective

Its main objectives are to filter:
what should come in the intranet (inbound traffic) and
what should come out of the intranet (outbound traffic).

what is firewall
what is firewall


Packet Filtering Firewall : They are usually part of a router and each packet is compared to a set of criteria before it is forwarded, dropped, or a message is sent to the originator.

what is firewall
what is firewall

Circuit level Gateway : they monitor TCP handshaking between packets to determine whether a requested session is legitimate. Information passed to remote computer through a circuit level gateway appears to have originated from the gateway. On the other hand, they do not filter individual packets.

what is firewall
what is firewall

Application level gateways : also called proxies, are application specific. An application level gateway that is configured to be a web proxy will not allow any ftp, gopher, telnet or other traffic through. They offer a high level of security, but have a significant impact on network performance.



Stateful Multilayer Firewalls : combine aspects of the other three types of firewalls. They filter packets at the network layer and evaluate contents of  packets at the application layer. They allow direct connection between client and host, and they rely on algorithms to recognize and process application layer data instead of running application specific proxies.



Firewall defense your network using one of two access denial methodologies:

  • may allow all traffic through unless it meets certain criteria, or
  • may deny all traffic unless it meets certain criteria

And Criteria to be configured for  firewall



So these are four criteria on which your network should be defensed by Anti virus. The next post will be on How to bye pass Firewall